To estimate cannabis use disorder (CUD) trajectory classes from ages 14 through 30 and compare classes on clinical characteristics, risk factors, and psychosocial outcomes.
Four waves (T1 -T4 ) of data from an epidemiological study of psychopathology among a regionally representative sample. Trajectory classes described risk for CUD as a function of age. The number of classes was determined by model fit.
Participants were randomly selected from nine high schools in western Oregon, U.S.A.
The sample included 816 participants (age at T1 M = 16.6, SD = 1.2; 56% female; 92% White).
Participants completed diagnostic interviews, Child Trauma Questionnaire, Social Adjustment Scale, and items adapted from the Wisconsin Manual for Assessing Psychotic-Like Experiences.
There were three CUD trajectory classes (Lo-Mendell-Rubin likelihood ratio test < .001): (1) persistent increasing risk; (2) maturing out, with increasing risk then decreasing risk; and (3) stable low risk. The persistent increasing class had later initial CUD onsets (η2 = .16, p < .001) and greater cumulative CUD durations (η2 = .26, p < .001). Male sex (odds ratio [OR] = 2.57, p = .018), externalizing disorders between ages 24 and 30 (OR = 2.64, p < .001), and psychotic experiences during early adulthood (Cohen’s d = 0.44, p = .016) discriminated between the persistent increasing and the maturing out classes.
Evidence suggests three distinguishable types of trajectory for development of cannabis use disorder starting in early teens: (1) persistent increasing risk; (2) maturing out, with increasing risk then decreasing risk; and (3) stable low risk. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.